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Special Issue 70 of SHAPE on Truth and Illusion

The Team

Jim Schofield - Author / Editor

Physicist, Philosopher, Marxist, Multimedia Expert, Mathematician, Author, Sculptor.

Dr. Peter Mothersole -
Advisor / Editor

Senior Lecturer in Computing, Physicist, Photographer, Constructivist, Software Developer, Philosopher.

Mick Schofield -
Art Director / Editor

Writer, Researcher, Photographer, Artist, Designer

Special Issue 70
Truth and Illusion

Introduction: Truth and Illusion

The Charles Bonnet Syndrome

Apophenia and Pareidolia

Establishing Truth I:
The Unavoidably Never-ending and Zig-Zag Trajectory Involved in Revealing Reality in Human Thought

Establishing Truth II: Holistic Reasoning

Establishing Truth III: Dialectical Rationality

A Snapshot of an Expanding Universe

Myths of Truth

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Welcome to the 70th Special Issue of SHAPE Journal. This edition gets right to the heart of what this publication is all about - determining what is real.

Art, Science and Philosophy all share the same ontological quest of approaching truth, albeit with very different methods, ideologies and results, but there are countless pitfalls along all three roads, and many of them share the same origin. All three rely on appearances and forms as their basic material. Even the most apparently unmediated of these, are still Abstractions from the material world, and can already be deceptive. And that is long before we start categorising, rationalising, manipulating and combining forms, in all the elaborate ways we have learned to do, but which ultimately push these forms further from their original contexts in reality.

We primarily rely on our senses to confirm whether forms are true or not, but many philosophers over the centuries have shown that this can be a mistake. Optical illusions are often used to demonstrate how we cannot trust our senses - that there is some barrier between us and the truth of the material world we observe. However this is a limited view - it fails to take into account the fact that most of the time our senses serve us very well, we find our immediate realities completely intelligible. They also fail to take into account a key paradoxical fact, that illusions can actually give greater access to reality, than our senses alone can offer...

Mick Schofield